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God Our Heavenly Father

23 Facts about God

1. God is self-existent. Exodus 3:13-14
2. God is self-sufficient. Ps. 50:10-12
3. God is eternal. Deut. 33:27; Ps. 90:2
4. God is infinite. 1 Kings 8:22-27; Jer. 23:24
5. God is omnipresent. Ps. 139:7-12
6. God is omnipotent. Gen. 18:14; Rev. 19:6
7. God is omniscient. Ps. 139:2-6; Isaiah 40:13-14
8. God is wise. Prov. 3:19; 1 Tim. 1:17
9. God is immutable. Heb. 1:10-12; 13:8
10. God is sovereign. Isa. 46:9-11
11. God is incomprehensible. Job 11:7-19; Rom. 11:33
12. God is holy. Lev. 19:2; 1 Pet. 1:15
13. God is righteous and just. Ps. 119:137
14. God is true. John 17:3; Titus 1:1-2
15. God is faithful. Deut. 7:9; Ps. 89:1-2
16. God is light. James 1:17; 1 John 1:5
17. God is good. Ps. 107:8
18. God is merciful. Ps. 103:8-17
19. God is gracious. Ps. 111:4; 1 Pet. 5:10
20. God is love. John 3:16; Rom. 5:8
21. God is spirit. John 4:24
22. God is one. Deut. 6:4-5; Isa. 44:6-8
23. God is a Trinity. Matt. 28:19; 2 Cor. 13:14



16 Old Testament Names for God

1. Elohim, meaning “God,” a reference to God’s power and might Gen. 1:1; Ps. 19:1
2. Adonai, meaning “Lord,” a reference to the Lordship of God Mal. 1:6
3. Jehovah (sometimes spelled Yahweh), a reference to God’s divine salvation Gen. 2:4
4. Jehovah-Maccaddeshem, meaning “The Lord thy sanctifier” Exodus 31:13
5. Jehovah-Rohi, meaning “The Lord my shepherd” Ps. 23:1
6. Jehovah-Shammah, meaning “The Lord who is present” Ezek. 48:35
7. Jehovah-Rapha, meaning “The Lord our healer” Exodus 16:26
8. Jehovah-Tsidkenu, meaning “The Lord our righteousness” Jer. 23:6
9. Jehovah-Jireh, meaning “The Lord will provide” Gen. 22:13-14
10. Jehovah-Nissi, meaning “The Lord our banner” Exodus 17:15
11. Jehovah-Shalom, meaning “The Lord is peace” Judg. 6:24
12. Jehovah-Sabbaoth, meaning “The Lord of Hosts” Isa. 6:1-3
13. El-Elyon, meaning “The most high God” Gen. 14:17-20; Isa. 14:13-14
14. El-Roi, meaning “The strong one who sees” Gen. 16:12
15. El-Shaddai, meaning “The God of the mountains” or “God almighty” Gen. 17:1; Ps. 91:1
16. El-Olam, meaning “The everlasting God” Isaiah 40:28-31


The Names of God

A.) Elohim: Used 2,570 times, it refers to God’s power and might.

Genesis 1:1: “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.”

Psalm 19:1: “The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handiwork.”

B.) El: Four compounds of his name. There are two significant places where this name was used in the Old Testament. One came from the lips of Jerusalem’s first sovereign, and the other from history’s first sinner.

1. Elyon: The strongest strong One.

  • Jerusalem’s first sovereign (Melchizedek)

Genesis 14:17-20: “And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley Shaveh, which is the king’s dale. And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.”

  • History’s first sinner (Satan)

Isaiah 14:13, 14: “For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.”

2. Roi: The strong One who sees. In Genesis 16 an angered and barren Sarai had cast into the wilderness her pregnant and arrogant handmaiden Hagar. When all hope for survival had fled, this pagan Egyptian girl was visited and ministered to by El Roi himself—the strong God who sees.

Genesis 16:13: “And she called the name of the Lord that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?”

3. Shaddai: The breasted One. Used forty-eight times in Old Testament. The Hebrew word shad is often used to designate the bosom of a nursing mother.

Genesis 17:1: “And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.”

This revelation of God came to Abraham at a much needed time in his life. His sin in marrying Hagar (Gen. 16) had doubtless prevented that full and unhindered fellowship which had previously flowed between him and God. In addition, he now was an old man, nearly 100, humanly unable to father the long-anticipated heir.

Psalm 91:1: “He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.”

C.) Olam: The everlasting God. Isaiah 40 is usually regarded as one of the greatest Old Testament chapters. The prophet begins by predicting both the first and second advent of Christ. He then contrasts the awesome power of the true God with the miserable impotence of all idols. But carnal Israel had trouble accepting all this, wondering just how these wonderful events could transpire to answer their doubts. Isaiah declares:

Isaiah 40:28-31: “Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the Lord, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? there is no searching of his understanding. He giveth power to the faint; and to them that have no might he increaseth strength. Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall: But they that wait upon the Lord shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint.”

D.) Adonai: Master, Lord. God owns all his creation.

Malachi 1:6: “A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? and if I be a master, where is my fear? saith the Lord of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?”

The Hebrew Old Testament name Adonai and its Greek New Testament counterpart Kurios describe the relationship between master and slave. Adonai thus carries with it a twofold implication.

  • The master has a right to expect obedience.

Robert Lightner writes:

“In Old Testament times the slave was the absolute possession of his master, having no rights of his own. His chief business was to carry out the wishes of his master. The slave had a relationship and responsibility different from that of the hired servant. The hired servant could quit if he did not like the orders of his master. But not so with the slave; he could do nothing but obey (cf. Gen. 24:1-12). (The God of the Bible, p. 116)

  • The slave may expect provision. Again, to quote Lightner:

“The slave had no worry of his own. It was the master’s business to provide food, shelter, and the necessities of life. Since the slave is the possession of the master, his needs become the master’s. Obedience is the only condition for this provision. This truth is marvelously displayed in Paul, who was himself a bond slave, when he assured the Philippians that God would supply all their needs (Phil. 4:19). Only the obedient slave can expect this from his master.” (The God of the Bible, P. 117)

E.) Jehovah. God’s most common name. It occurs 6,823 times. The self-existent One, the God of the covenant (Gen. 2:4). Nine compound names of Jehovah are:

1. Jireh: The Lord will provide.

Genesis 22:13, 14: “And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovah-jireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the Lord it shall be seen.”

2. Nissi: The Lord, my Banner.

Exodus 17:15: “And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovah-nissi.” This passage is significant, for it marks the first battle and subsequent victory of Israel on its march after leaving Egypt. The great lawgiver Moses mounted a hill and with outstretched arms prayed for the Israelite armies, headed up by Joshua, in their pitched battle against the fierce Amalekites.

3. Shalom: The Lord is Peace.

Judges 6:24: “Then Gideon built an altar there unto the Lord, and called it Jehovah-shalom: unto this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”

As one studies the thrilling account of Gideon he reads how Jehovah-shalom did indeed bring peace to Israel over the Midianites through this warrior and his 300 trumpet-blowing soldiers.

4. Sabaoth: The Lord of hosts. Sabaoth is derived from the Hebrew word tsaba, meaning “host.” The Lord of hosts is a reference to the captain of heaven’s armies. These armies are said to be composed of angels. (See Ps. 68:17; 104:4; 148:2; Mt. 26:53.) Christ himself is their leader. (See Josh. 5:14.) The great prophet Isaiah describes his vision during which he was allowed to see Jehovah of hosts (Isa. 6:3).

Isaiah 6:1-3: “In the year that King Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet and with twain he did fly. And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory.”

5. Maccaddeschcem: The Lord thy Sanctifier.

Exodus 31:13: “Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the Lord that doth sanctify you.”

This great name for God, first mentioned in Exodus, appears many times in the following book, Leviticus. To be sanctified is to be set apart, and that is what God desired to do for his people—to set them apart for special service.

6. Rohi (Raah): The Lord my Shepherd.

Psalm 23:1: “The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.”

Of all the compound names of Jehovah, this is at once the most easily understood title—that good, and great, and chief Shepherd God.

7. Tsidkenu: The Lord our Righteousness.

Jeremiah 23:6: “In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.”

According to Jeremiah the official name for the Messiah during the future millennium will be Jehovah-Tsidkenu.

8. Shammah: The Lord who is present.

Ezekiel 48:35: “It was round about eighteen thousand measures: and the name of the city from that day shall be, The Lord is there.”

In this passage Ezekiel describes for us the dimensions of the millennial temple and then gives us the new name for Jerusalem during earth’s golden age: Jehovah-shammah.

9. Rapha: The Lord our Healer.

Exodus 15:26: “And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the Lord thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the Lord that healeth thee.”

By this new name God introduced to Israel the terms of his heavenly “medicare” health plan while they were on their way to Canaan. If only they had accepted this gracious policy.



15 Things God Sees and Knows

1. He sees all things. Prov. 15:3
2. He knows the size and scope of the universe. Ps. 147:4
3. He knows about the animal creation. Matt. 10:29
4. He knows mankind. Matt. 10:30
5. He knows our thoughts. Ps. 139:2; 44:21
6. He knows our words. Ps. 139:4
7. He knows our deeds. Ps. 139:2
8. He knows our sorrows. Exodus 3:7
9. He knows our needs. Matt. 6:32
10. He knows our devotions. Gen. 18:17-19; 22:11-12; 2 Chronicles 16:9
11. He knows our frailties, Ps. 103:14
12. He knows our foolishness. Ps. 69:5
13. He knows his own. John 10:14; 2 Tim. 2:19
14. He knows the past, present, and future. Acts 15:18
15. He knows what might or could have been. Matt. 11:23



50 Facts about the Father

1. He is the Father of all life. Ps. 19:1; 36:9; 148:2-5; John 5:26; Acts 17:24-25
2. He tends and cares for vegetation. Ps. 104:14, 16; Matt. 6:28-30
3. He tends and cares for brute nature. Ps. 104:14, 16, 18, 20-27; Matt. 6:26; 10:29
4. He tends and cares for the weather. Ps. 135:6-7; 147:8, 16, 18; 148:8
5. He tends and cares for the seasons. Gen. 8:22; Acts 14:17
6. He is the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
7. The Father sent his Son. John 6:57; 8:18; 20:21; Gal. 4:4; 1 John 4:14; see also John 3:16; 8:16; 12:49
8. The Father commanded the angels to worship his Son. Heb. 1:6; Luke 2:8-15
9. He sealed his Son. John 6:27
10. He honored and honors his Son. John 8:54
11. He bore witness to his Son. John 8:18
12. He loved and loves his Son. John 10:17
13. He glorified his Son. John 12:27-28; 17:1, 5
14. He taught his Son. John 8:28
15. He anointed his Son. Luke 4:16-21; John 3:34
16. He delighted in his Son. Isa. 42:1; Matt. 3:17; 17:5; 2 Pet. 1:17
17. He listened to his Son. John 11:41-42; 12:27-28; Matt. 26:52-53
18. He offered his Son. John 18:11; Rom. 8:32; 1 John 4:9-10
19. He was totally satisfied by his Son. John 8:29
20. He raised his Son. Gal. 1:1; Eph. 1:20
21. He exalts his Son. Phil. 2:9-11; Eph. 1:21
22. He makes his Son head of the Church. Eph. 1:22
23. He commits judgment unto his Son. John 3:35; 5:22, 27
24. He is the Father of all believers.
25. He foreknew the believers. Rom. 8:29; 1 Pet. 1:2
26. He predestinated the believers. Rom. 8:29; Eph. 1:11; Acts 13:48
27. He elected the believers. Eph. 1:4; 2 Thess. 2:13; 1 Pet. 1:1-2; 2:9
28. He gave all the elected believers to Christ. John 6:37, 44; 10:29; 13:3
29. He called the believers. Rom. 8:30
30. He conforms the believers to the image of Christ. Rom. 8:29
31. He redeemed the believers. Eph. 1:7
32. He justified the believers. Rom. 8:33
33. He indwells the believers. John 14:23
34. He sealed the believers with the Holy Spirit. Eph. 1:13; 4:30
35. He keeps the believers. John 10:29; 17:11
36. He honors the believers. John 12:26
37. He blesses the believers. Eph. 1:3
38. He loves the believers. 2 Thess. 2:16; John 14:21
39. He comforts the believers. 2 Cor. 1:3; Rev. 21:4; 2 Thess. 2:16
40. He sanctifies the believers. Jude 1; John 17:17
41. He bestows peace upon believers. Rom. 1:7; 1 Cor. 1:3; Gal. 1:3; Eph. 1:2; Phil. 1:2; Col. 1:2; 1 Thess. 1:1; 2 Thess. 1:2; Titus 1:4
42. He is glorified when believers bear fruit. John 15:8
43. He reveals truth to believers. Matt. 11:25; 16:17; Luke 10:21; Eph. 1:17
44. He supplies the needs of believers. Matt. 6:32-33; Eph. 4:19
45. He seeks the worship of believers. John 4:23
46. He chastens believers. Heb. 12:5-10
47. He restores the believers. Ps. 23:3; 51:12; Luke 15:21-24
48. He will someday gather all believers in Christ. Eph. 1:10
49. He will someday reward all believers. Matt. 6:1; Heb. 11:6; 2 Tim. 4:8
50. He will someday glorify all believers. Rom. 8:30


1. God is Spirit.

Emory Bancroft has written:

“God as Spirit is incorporeal, invisible, without material substance, without physical parts or passions and therefore free from all temporal limitations.” (Elemental Theory, p. 23)

Jesus made this clear when he told the Samaritan woman: “God is a Spirit; and they that worship him must worship him in Spirit and in truth” (Jn. 4:24). Some have been disturbed, however, as they compare this statement with certain Old Testament expressions which speak of God’s arms (Deut. 33:27), his eyes (Ps. 33:18), ears (2 Ki. 19:16), and mouth (Isa. 58:14). However, these terms are simply anthropomorphic expressions. An anthropomorphic expression is a term which is used to explain some function or characteristic of God by using words descriptive of human elements. Robert Lightner writes: “Such expressions do not mean that God possesses these physical parts. He is Spirit (Jn. 4:24). Rather, they mean since God is spirit and eternal, He is capable of doing precisely the functions which are performed by these physical properties in man.” (The God of the Bible, p. 67)

2. God is a Person.

Again, to quote from Robert Lightner:

“Personality involves existence with the power of self-consciousness and self-determination. To be self-conscious means to be able to be aware of one’s self among others. It is more than mere consciousness. Even animals possess something which makes them aware of things around them. The brute, however, is not able to objectify himself. Man, in contrast to the brute, possesses both consciousness and self-consciousness. Self-determination has to do with the ability to look to the future and prepare an intelligent course of action. It also involves the power of choice. The brute also has determination, but he does not have self-determination—the power to act from his own free will and to thus determine his acts. It is usually admitted that there are three elements of personality—intellect, emotion, and will.” (The God of the Bible, p. 65)

Thus, as a Person, God exhibits all those elements involved in personality.


  • He creates.

Genesis 1:1: “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.”

  • He destroys.

Genesis 18:20; 19:24, 25: “And the Lord said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous….Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven. And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.”

  • He provides.

Psalm 104:27-30: “These wait all upon thee; that thou mayest give them their meat in due season. That thou givest them they gather: thou openest thine hand, they are filled with good. Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust. Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.”

  • He promotes.

Psalm 75:6, 7: “For promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south. But God is the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up another.”

  • He cares.

1 Peter 5:6, 7: “Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time: Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.”

  • He hears.

Psalm 94:9, 10: “He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? He that formed the eye, shall he not see? He that chastiseth the heathen, shall not he correct? He that teacheth man knowledge, shall not he know?”

  • He hates.

Proverbs 6:16: “These six things doth the Lord hate: yea, seven are an abomination unto him.”

  • He grieves.

Genesis 6:6: “And it repented the Lord that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.”

  • He loves.

John 3:16: “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.”

3. God is One.

Deuteronomy 6:4, 5: “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord: And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.”

1 Kings 8:60: “That all the people of the earth may know that the Lord is God, and that there is none else.”

Isaiah 44:6-8: “Thus saith the Lord the King of Israel, and his Redeemer the Lord of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God. And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I appointed the ancient people? and the things that are coming, and shall come, let them show unto them. Fear ye not, neither be afraid: have not I told thee from that time, and have declared it? ye are even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any.”

Isaiah 45:5, 6: “I am the Lord, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me: That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am the Lord, and there is none else.”

Isaiah 46:9: “Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me.”

Ephesians 4:4-6: “There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.”

1 Timothy 2:5: “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.”


The Trinity and Scriptural Evidences for It

1. The creation of man in God’s image. Note that the Bible says, “Let us make man in our image.” Gen. 1:26
2. The expulsion from Eden. Note that the Bible says “The man has become like one of us.” Gen. 3:22
3. The confusion at Babel. Note that the Bible says “Let us go down and confuse their language.” Gen. 11:7
4. The usage of the Hebrew word echad, meaning “one,” but suggesting more than one person Gen. 2:24; Deut. 6:4
5. The teachings of King Agur, which suggests a son of God Prov. 30:4
6. The plural forms used to refer to God
Ecclesiastes 12:1; Isa. 54:5
7. The divine conversations in Isaiah, using a plural form of divine pronoun Isa. 6:8; 48:16; 63:9-10
8. The divine conversations in the Psalms, which also use plurals Ps. 2:1-9; 45:6-8; 110:1-5
9. The baptism of Christ, wherein the Father, Son, and Spirit were all present Matt. 3:16-17
10. The teachings of Jesus about the Father and the Spirit John 14:16
11. The trinitarian baptismal formula Matt. 28:19-20
12. The trinitarian apostolic benediction 2 Cor. 13:14


C. C. Ryrie writes:

“There is only one God, but in the unity of the Godhead there are three eternal and co-equal Persons, the same in substance, but distinct in subsistence.”

Robert Culver writes:

“Two expressions have been traditionally employed to designate certain inner relations between the Father and the Son, and the Father and the Son with the Spirit. These two expressions are the eternal generation of the Son by the Father and the eternal spiration (or procession) of the Spirit from the Father and the Son. They began to be employed about the time of the council of Nicea (a.d. 325). They expressed in scriptural language the idea that the Son and the Spirit were eternally with the Godhead. John 1:14 refers to our Lord as the ‘only begotten’ of the Father. And John 14:16, 26 and 15:26 speak of the Spirit as ‘proceeding from the Father and the Son.’” (The Living God, p. 96)

  1. False views concerning the Trinity. There are two serious errors about the doctrine of the Trinity.
  • The error of tri-theism. This says that the Trinity consists of three separate (but cooperating) Gods.
  • The error of modalism. According to this view there is but one God who simply reveals himself through three different modes, or roles. For example, a particular man could be considered a husband to his wife, a father to his children, and an employee to his boss.
  1. Proposed illustration demonstrating the Trinity. Throughout church history various illustrations have been offered to demonstrate the Trinity. Seven such examples are as follows. The first four are totally unscriptural, while the final three possess some limited possibilities.
  • a three-leaf clover
  • the three states of water (liquid, vapor, and solid)
  • the threefold nature of man (body, soul, spirit)
  • the three parts of an egg (shell, white, yolk)
  • the nature of light, consisting of three kinds of rays
  • chemical rays—rays that are invisible, and can neither be felt nor seen
  • light rays—rays that are seen, but cannot be felt
  • heat rays—rays that are felt, but never seen
  • The dimensional example: A book has height, width, and length. These three cannot be separated, yet they are not the same.
  • a triangle
  1. Old Testament passages regarding the Trinity.
  • The first name used for God: Elohim (Gen. 1:1). This name is plural in form but is joined to a singular verb.
  • The creation of man.

Genesis 1:26: “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.”

  • The expulsion from Eden.

Genesis 3:22: “And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever.

  • The confusion at Babel.

Genesis 11:7: “Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.”

  • The usage of the same word, echad, in Genesis 2:24 and in Deuteronomy 6:4. Echad is Hebrew for “one.” These passages teach that God is one, as husband and wife are one.
  • The teachings of King Agur.

Proverbs 30:4: “Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son’s name, if thou canst tell?”

  • The plural forms used in Ecclesiastes 12:1 and Isaiah 54:5.
  • “Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth…” (Eccl. 12:1). In the original this is literally “thy creators.”
  • “For thy Maker is thine husband…” (Isa. 54:5). Here “maker” should be translated “makers.”
  • The triune conversations in Isaiah.

Isaiah 6:8: “Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then said I, Here am I; send me.”

Isaiah 48:16: “Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord God, and his Spirit, hath sent me.”

Isaiah 63:9, 10: “In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bare them, and carried them all the days of old. But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.”

  • The conversation between the Father and Son in the Psalms.

Psalm 2:1-9: “Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against his Anointed, saying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision. Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. Yet have I set my King upon my holy hill of Zion. I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.”

Psalm 45:6-8: “Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the scepter of thy kingdom is a right scepter. Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.”

Psalm 110:1-5: “The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek. The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.”

  1. New Testament passages regarding the Trinity.
  • The baptism of Christ.

Matthew 3:16, 17: “And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”

  • The temptation of Christ.

Matthew 4:1: “Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.”

  • The teachings of Jesus.

John 14:16: “And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever.”

The Greek word here translated “another” is allos, meaning another of the same kind. Heteros is the Greek word for another of a different kind. It is never used in referring to the Trinity.

John 14:26: “But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.”

  • The baptismal formula.

Matthew 28:19, 20: “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.”

  • The apostolic benediction.

2 Corinthians 13:14: “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.”

  1. A scriptural summary of the Trinity.
  • The Father is God (Jn. 6:44-46; Rom. 1:7; 1 Pet. 1:2).
  • The Son is God (Isa. 9:6; Jn. 1:1; 20:28; 1 Tim. 3:16; Titus 2:13; Heb. 1:8).
  • The Spirit is God (Acts 5:3, 4; Heb. 9:14).





Is a spirit

John 4:24
2Cor 3:17

Is declared to be Light

Isaiah 60:19
James 1:17
1John 1:5


1John 4:8
1John 4:16


Job 23:8-9
John 1:18
John 5:37
Col 1:15
1Tim 1:17


Job 11:7
Job 37:23
Psalms 145:3
Isaiah 40:28
Romans 11:33


Romans 1:23


Deut 33:27
Psalms 90:2
Rev 4:8-10


1Tim 1:17
1Tim 6:16


Gen 17:1
Ex 6:3


Psalms 139:1-6
Prov 5:21


Psalms 139:7
Jer 23:23


Psalms 102:26-27
James 1:17


Romans 16:27
1Tim 1:17


Ex 15:11
Psalms 145:5

Most High

Psalms 83:18
Acts 7:48


Matt 5:48


Psalms 99:9
Isaiah 5:16



Deut 32:4
Isaiah 45:21


Jer 10:10
John 17:3


Psalms 25:8
Psalms 92:15


Ezra 9:15
Psalms 145:17


Psalms 25:8
Psalms 119:68


2 Chronicles 2:5
Psalms 86:10


Ex 34:6
Psalms 116:5


1Cor 10:13
1Peter 4:19


Ex 34:6-7
Psalms 86:5


Num 14:18
Micah 7:1


Josh 24:19
Nahum 1:2


2Kings 13:23

A consuming fire

Heb 12:29

None beside him

Deut 4:35
Isaiah 44:6

None before him

Isaiah 43:10

None like to him

Ex 9:14
Deut 33:26
2Sam 7:22
Isaiah 46:5
Isaiah 46:9
Jer 10:6

None good but he

Matt 19:17

Fills heaven and earth

1Kings 8:27
Jer 23:24

Should be worshiped in spirit and in truth

John 4:24


God and his goodness

Psalms 25:8 — Good and upright is the Lord.

James 1:17 — Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning.

God is the source of goodness. In the lives of Christians God works for good. Romans 8:28 states that “God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose.”

God and his grace

Psalms 145:17 — The Lord is righteous in all His ways, gracious in all His works.

Romans 1:5 — Through Him we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for His name.

Romans 3:24 — [We] being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.

Romans 5:15, 20 — But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the one man’s offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man Jesus Christ, abounded to many. Moreover the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more.

Ephesians 4:7 — But to each one of us grace was given according to the measure of Christ’s gift.

Hebrews 4:16 — Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need.

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

Grace is the bestowal of blessing unearned or unmerited. When we speak of God’s grace, we speak of those wonderful gifts (e.g., salvation) that no one deserves but God grants anyway. There are several ways in which God demonstrates His grace to us.

God and his holiness

1 Samuel 2:2 — “No one is holy like the Lord.”

Psalms 99:2-3 — The Lord is great in Zion, and He is high above all the peoples. Let them praise Your great and awesome name — He is holy.

Revelation 4:8 — “Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, who was and is and is to come!”

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

Holiness is synonymous with God’s total purity and separation from the rest of creation. God’s holiness sets him apart from sinful humans. God’s holiness is closely linked to Jesus’ first coming. It is only as a result of our salvation that we, as forgiven people, are able to approach God in his perfect holiness.

God and his immanence

Jeremiah 23:23-24 — “Am I a God near at hand?” says the Lord, “And not a God afar off? Can anyone hide himself in secret places, so I shall not see him?” says the Lord; “Do I not fill heaven and earth?” says the Lord.

Act 17:27-28 — He is not far from each one of us; for in Him we live and move and have our being.

Haggai 2:5 — “According to the word that I covenanted with you when you came out of Egypt, so My Spirit remains among you; do not fear!”

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

Immanence describes a God who is close at hand. God is at work through the countless details of his creation. The Christian God is no absentee landlord. He is present and actively participates in his world. For this reason Christians know that there is no place or situation that is not under God’s protecting hand.

God and his immutability

Malachi 3:6 — “For I am the Lord, I do not change.”

James 1:17 — Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning.

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

God’s immutability is a great source of comfort for the believer. God’s immutability means that God does not change his mind, his characteristics, his plan, or anything else about himself. God’s character never changes and nor do his covenants, his prophecies, or his promises. God is therefore utterly dependable.

God and his eternal nature

Exodus 3:14 — And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.”

Psalms 102:12 — But You, O Lord, shall endure forever, and the remembrance of Your name to all generations.

God and his love

Deuteronomy 7:7-8 — “The Lord did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any other people, for you were the least of all peoples; but because the Lord loves you, and because He would keep the oath which He swore to your fathers, the Lord has brought you out with a might hand, and redeemed you from the house of bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.”

John 14:31 — “But that the world may know that I love the Father, and as the Father gave Me commandment, so I do.”

Romans 5:5, 8 — Now hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit who was given to us.

Romans 8:35, 39 — Who shall separate us from the love of God? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? [Neither] height nor depth, nor any other created thing, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

1 John 4:8, 16 — He who does not love does not know God, for God is love. And we have known and believed the love that God has for us. God abides in him, and who abides in love abides in God, and God in him.

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

We all have a basic understanding of what love is, but we are unable to comprehend the depths of true love. This is the love that God embodies. God is the source of love and it is through him that we experience love. God loves us. In spite of who we are God still loves us.

God and his mercy

Psalms 6:4 — Return, O Lord, deliver! Oh, save me for Your mercies’ sake!

Hebrews 4:16 — Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need.

Romans 9:23, 24 — And that he might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had prepared beforehand for glory, even us whom He called, not of the Hews only, but also of the Gentiles?

Ephesians 2:4 — God, who is rich in mercy.

Titus 3:5 — Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit.

1 Peter 1:3 — Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a loving hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

Mercy is when what is deserved is withheld so that this benefits the person in question. We deserved to receive punishment for our sins, but because of God’s mercy, we have received forgiveness instead.

God and his omnipotence

Romans 11:36 — For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen.

Ephesians 1:11 — In Him also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestined according to the purpose of Him who works all things according to the counsel of His will.

Hebrews 1:3 — [God’s Son upholds] all things by the word of His power.

Mark 14:36 — And He said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for You. Take this cup away from me; nevertheless, not what I will, but what You will.”

Jeremiah 32:17 — “Ah, Lord GOD! Behold, You have made the heavens and the earth by Your great power and outstretched arm. There is nothing too hard for you.”

Matthew 19:26 — “With God all things are possible.”

Psalms 115:3 — “But our God is in heaven; He does what He pleases.”

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

God has the unlimited power to accomplish anything that can be accomplished — this is known as omnipotence. The things God does are neither difficult nor easy for God; they are only either done or not done. God has the power to accomplish everything he desires to do.

God and his justice

Genesis 18:25 — Far be it from You to do such a thing as this, to slay the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous should be as the wicked; far be it from You! Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?

Nehemiah 9:32-33 — However You are just in all that has befallen us.

Romans 9:14-33 — What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God?

Psalms 99:4 — The King’s strength also loves justice; You have established equity; You have executed justice and righteousness in Jacob.

Romans 1:32 — Who, knowing the righteous judgment of God, that those who practice such things are deserving of death, not only do the same but also approve of those who practice them.

1 Peter 1:17 — The Father …  without partiality judges according to each one’s work, conduct yourselves throughout the time of your stay here in fear.

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

Since God is the God of justice, God is the ultimate judge over the lives and actions of men. There seems to be so much injustice in the world. People lie, cheat, steal, and kill all the time and, so often it seems they do this with total impunity. That is how it is on this earth. But on the day of judgment everyone will receive his just deserts at the hands of an immutable God. Unlike a corrupt human judge, God’s justice will be fair and perfect in every respect. God is not open to persuasion or bribes. In God’s justice, we can find a comfort for all the wrongs perpetrated against us and against mankind. It is only because of the Christian’s faith in Jesus that we need not fear God’s justice as we know that we are eternally safe.

God and his omnipresence

Job 11:7-9 — Can you search out the deep things of God? Can you find out the limits of the Almighty? They are higher than heaven — what can you do?

Deeper than Sheol — what can you know? Their measure is longer than the earth and broader than the sea.

Jeremiah 23:23-24 — “Am I a God near at hand?” says the Lord, “And not a God afar off? Can anyone hide himself in secret places, so I shall not see him?” says the Lord; “Do I not fill heaven and earth?” says the Lord.

Psalms 139:7-10 — “Where can I go from Your Spirit? Or where can I flee from your Spirit? If I ascend into heaven, You are there; If I make my bed in hell, behold, you are there. If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the utter most parts of the sea, even there your hand shall lead me, and Your right hand shall hold me.”

Psalms 90:1-2 — Lord, You have been our dwelling place in all generations. Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever You had formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, You are God.

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

Because of God’s omnipresence he is present everywhere. There is nowhere we can go to and not be in his presence.

God and his omniscience

Psalms 147:5 — [God’s] understanding is infinite.

Ezekiel 11:5 — Then the Spirit of the Lord fell upon me, and said to me, “Speak! ‘Thus says the Lord: “Thus you have said, O house of Israel; for I know the things that come into your mind”’.”

1 John 3:20 — For if our heart condemns us, God is greater than our heart, and knows all things.

Hebrews 4:13 — And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are naked and open to the eyes of Him to whom we must give account.

Romans 2:16 — God will judge the secret things of men by Jesus Christ, according to [Paul’s] gospel.

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

When we say God is omniscient, we mean that he knows all that there is to know. There is nothing that is outside the scope of his conception, or understanding.

God and his self-existence

Exodus 3:14 — And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.”

Psalms 90:2 — Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever You had formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, You are God.

John 5:26 — “For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has granted the Son to have life in Himself.”

Colossians 1:15-17 — He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist.

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

By God’s self-existence we mean God’s unique attribute through which he has existed eternally and will always exist. Unlike all other things that relate to our existence, God does not owe his being to any other thing. I owe my existence to my mother and father and all my ancestors. All events have causes. All creatures have been created. Except for God. God is the uncaused cause and the uncreated Creator.

God and his sovereignty

Genesis 14:19 — “Blessed be Abram of God Most High, possessor of heaven and earth; and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand.”

Exodus 18:11 — Now I know that the Lord is greater than all the gods.

Psalms 115:3 — But our God is in heaven; he does whatever he pleases.

 Matthew 10:29 — “Are not two sparrows sold for a copper coin? And not one of them falls to the ground apart from your Father’s will.”

Romans 9:15 — For He says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.”

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

Sovereignty speaks of God’s divine control over everything that happens. There is nothing outside the control of his loving hand. Romans 8:28 tells us that all things work together for the good of God’s children and Romans 8:38-39 implies that there is nothing beyond the control of God’s sovereign hand. God’s sovereignty reminds Christians to fear nothing as God is always in charge, no matter how dreadful the situation.

God and his transcendence

Isaiah 55:8-9 — “For my thoughts are not your thoughts, nor are your ways My ways,” says the Lord. “For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are My ways higher than your ways, and My thoughts than your thoughts.”

Isaiah 57:15 — For thus says the High and Lofty One who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: “I dwell in the high and holy place, with him who has a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.”

Psalms 113:5-6 — Who is like the Lord our God, who dwells on high, who humbles Himself to behold the things that are in the heavens and in the earth?

Appreciating one facet of God’s nature

Transcendence refers to the fact that God is unlike any other being in our experience and so no analogy or comparison can come close to perfectly describing him. His ways are so other than our ways that we cannot predict Him, categorize Him, or comprehend Him with any sort of accuracy.

About David M. Curtis

Profile photo of David M. Curtis
David is a self-employed business owner who enjoys web and graphics design, a good TV show or movie, spending time with his animals and friends. For many years,David taught the Bible on the west coast 5 days a week over the radio for a broadcast he called, "The Loud Cry Ministry." David has been in ministry his entire adult life, having visited and taught in churches coast to coast, including churches in California, New York, Tennessee, Kansas, Nevada, Texas, Georgia, Oregon and Washington. David has been in marketing for over a dozen years now having owned or managed four offices, with hundreds of employees. David is responsible for creating and developing projects that cost in excess of half a million dollars, and absolutely loves developing new concepts and ideas and turning them into a reality. Currently David resides in Cincinnati OH where he works from home managing his online business US Home Work Force for the past three years, in which he provides websites and training for thousands of people all across the country helping them to earn a substantial income over the Internet.
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