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The Law in the Old and New Covenants

The Law under the TWO Major Bible Covenants

“There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus” Romans 8:1

Below are various links to different articles, and a brief description for each page; Scroll down and click the title of the post you desire to read.

 

INTRODUCTION

A Canadian who becomes a citizen of the USA, and crosses the border into the United States is no longer under the law of Canada, and yet he is still prohibited from stealing, and murder – not because of Canadian laws, but because the United States itself has these same laws.

Many of the principals from the Ten Commandments were amended into the New Covenant By Christ however, Once God’s people passed through the border of the Cross into the New Covenant we were no longer obligated to the laws given under the Old Covenant, in their stead we now live according to “the law of Christ.” Galatians 6:2.

Today Christians are called to live according to the commandments in the New Testament. Christians have been completely redeemed from the laws of the Old Covenant  “But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. Galatians 4:4-5.” We invite you to study this crucial subject with your Bibles in your hands.

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CLICK HERE to view the COVENANTS COMPARED CHART  in its full 24X30 size

( you can print these at Kinkos and make full sized charts to share with your friends)

Below is a Preview photo you will need to download the PDF to view it full sized

 

Law and Grace

Listen to a radio broadcast on Law and Grace, by Bob George, People to People Ministries. Follow along and read the Bible verses used during this broadcast.

Other Recommended Resources from People to People Ministries:

 

The 20 Fundamental Beliefs of Jesus Christ

By: David M. Curtis

Also 127 Commands to Believers, 7 Reasons for Searching the Bible for God’s Will, 7 Divine Calls to the Christian, 12 Things to Consider, 10 Challenges for Christians, 5 Reasons to be Generous, and finally every commandment in the New Testament!

 

The Ten Commandments are the Old Covenant

By: David M. Curtis

The Ten Commandments were not given until Mt. Sinia. At that time The Ten Commandments were added because of transgressions, and were only intended to have a lawful right to judge and condemn until Christ came. Christ lived under the law and fulfilled its requirements so that we could be redeemed from the curse of the law.

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Ten Commandments Cannot Condemn Christians

By: David M. Curtis

The Ten Commandments werethe ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, v. 7. They were given “that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.” Romans 3:19. By revealing the condemnation that is upon all mankind “the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.” Galatians 3:18,19.

 

The “Law of Christ” is Greater than the Ten Commandments

By: David M. Curtis

The New Covenant law to Love, is superior when compared to the Old Covenant Ten Commandment law. Not only does love teach us to refrain from adultery, it teaches us not to lust. Not only does love teach us not to murder, Love teaches us not to be angry with another without a cause, or to hate. Love does not only teach us not to covet, Love teaches us to esteem the needs of others as greater than our own Philippians 2:2-4.

Love is truly the GREAT COMMANDMENT. Not only did it teach us not to lie, and to steal, Love teaches us what the Ten Commandments did not. To be forgiving, merciful, longsuffering, patient, and compassionate. To have empathy, to give food to the hungry, clothing to the desolate, and shelter to the fatherless and widow. Love teaches us to do no harm to our neighbor.

 

The Law of Christ Written in our Hearts

By: David M. Curtis

The New Covenant is based on “better promises!” Paul teaches if the conditions for salvation based on the Ten Commandments it would make these promises void and of no effect. God has promised to us mercy. He has promised to us compassion and forgiveness. God has promised us eternal life. God has promised to give us all the love we could ever want or need, so much so that it will be like a fountain that over flows unto joy, and bliss. Trying to obtain these promises through the law makes these promises of no effect!


Love Written in the Heart

By: David M. Curtis

The New Covenant is God’s promise:

  1. to renew the conscience making it soft;
  2. to renew the will with a desire to do right;
  3. to renew the mind with wisdom to understand right from wrong;
  4. to allow men the liberty of conscience to choose right, not motivated by fear of judgment, against the letter of the law;  but by a heart longing to be like Christ motivated by love!

All mankind is ultimately governed by the conscience which tells us that lying, murder and adultery are wrong. After the time of the Patriarchs there came a time when God felt it was necessary to add a written account defining sin because men had conditioned themselves to ignore their conscience i.e. “harden their hearts.” Once Christ came, it was God’s purpose to return to having men be ruled and judged by their conscience, granting them liberty to decide for themselves whether they would serve Christ or not. The reason for this, is that God is not pleased with an outward conforming to the letter of the law, but rather God desires an inward obedience motivated by love for Him and others in order to maintain a good conscience.


The New Covenant is Based on “Better Promises”

By: David M. Curtis

Study the following 45 verses carefully. If you do, some things will become more clear to you especially in the book of Hebrews. Every promise given leads up to a better understanding of that book. Once you have a thorough understanding of these promises you may want to do a careful study on your own into the book of Hebrews.

The promises of the New Covenant are concerning the resurrection of Jesus Christ, the out-pouring of the Holy Spirit, mercy, forgiveness of sins, eternal life, and becoming heirs of the Heavenly Promised Land! The New Covenant is indeed based upon BETTER PROMISES!

Why 7th Day (Saturday) Sabbath-keeping is not Necessary Today!

By: David M. Curtis

“Over the years I have had the pleasure of writing untold hundreds of articles. However this one is truly special! It definitely ranks pretty high in my top 10 list. Perhaps this paper is the single most important contribution I have ever made to Christendom. The Sabbath issue has been debated for centuries. Today we are putting this debate to bed. According to the historical evidence, the Christian church, from its very beginning has always believed that the weekly seventh day Sabbath, was an institution which ended at the Cross. Today, this age old belief has been vindicated and stands gloriously triumphant—silencing all doubt about the matter.”

~ David M. Curtis

The Sabbath in the Book of Acts

By: David M. Curtis

The New Testament does not give a single example of Christians conducting their religious services on the Sabbath.

However the Book of Acts gives several examples of Jews gathering into their synagogues on the Sabbath to read the Torah, and Paul raising havoc every where he went by preaching the Gospel to Jews, right in the middle of their own synagogues.

 

Christ Fulfilled the Law

By: David M. Curtis

Christians make a mistake when they present Matthew 5:17-19 as a proof that the Ten Commandments are binding after the cross. They make an even greater mistake when they apply verse 19 exclusively to the Ten Commandments. Verse 17 introduces the context to this verse as the LAW and the PROPHETS.. The LAW and the PROPHETS refers to the Book of the Law, i.e. the Torah, and the writings of the Prophets. The Book of the Law contains 613 commandments, not just the Ten! It was to this that Christ said, “one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.”

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Martin Luther -v- Ellen White

By: David M. Curtis

A Clinical Case of Legalism Diagnosed and Remedied

“I wrote this article for the Seventh-day Adventist outreach portion of this website LoudCry.org/sda. However after completing it, I realized that by using the law of contrast, the gospel is more easily understood, and the counterfeits more easily recognized. Therefore I decided to share this article here on the main portion of The Loud Cry Ministry for your reading pleasure. May it bring glory to God, and many souls into His kingdom.” ~ David M. Curtis

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Martin Luther’s Commentary on Galatians

By: Martin Luther

This commentary on Galatians by Martin Luther is a very powerful document. Mainstream Christianity views it as a cornerstone to their faith and practice, whereas Roman Catholics, Mormons, and Seventh-day Adventists will initially view it as heretical. You owe it to your self, and to your own walk with God to read this commentary for yourself, and see with your own eyes the teachings that were the cornerstone of the Protestant Reformation. Especially if anything presented on this website seems new to you. 

  • The ten commandments are abolished, Illustrations:
    Someone asked , “Is it true you don’t keep the ten commandments?” I replied, “That is right, I don’t keep any of the 10 commandments, what I believe Christians ought to obey, is the law of Christ.” The person continued, “You mean you lie, murder and commit adultery?” “Of course not.” I replied, “Although every one of the ten commandments are abolished, the law of Christ carried many of their principals into the New Testament”.

    The old and New Constitutions of Canada: 1867 AD constitution vs. 1982 AD Constitution. On 17 April 1982, Canada abolished its founding 1867 AD constitution and replaced it with a new code of law. Story: A man got fired from his job because his skin was black. He took his employer to court and quoted the 1867 constitution in the trial. The judge said, “The laws you are quoting are abolished. You will win your case, but you are using a an old constitutional law that has been abolished. Go home and base your arguments on the new 1981 constitution otherwise you will lose the case, because the old law is no longer in force. In fact the wording and meaning of the law is virtually identical from the Old and New Constitution. But you must argue your case under the law that is currently in force, not the law that that is abolished.

  • God Gave vs. Moses Gave:

    God is said to have given the Law of Moses and Moses is said to have given the Law of God.

    God gave the “Law of Moses” Ezra 7:6 “Ezra… a scribe skilled in the law of Moses, which the Lord God of Israel had given”

    Moses gave the “Law of God” Nehemiah 10:29 “walk in God’s law, which was given through Moses”

    John 7:19 “Did not Moses give you the Law, and yet none of you carries out the Law? Why do you seek to kill Me?”

    God gave the Book of law of Moses: Nehemiah 8:1 “bring the book of the law of Moses which the Lord had given to Israel”

    God gave book of law of the Lord: 2 Chron 34:14 “the priest found the book of the law of the Lord given by Moses”

    Moses gave the 10 commandments: “For Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother’” Mk 7:9-10

    When you read the 10 commandments, you “read Moses”: 2 Corinthians 3:3,15

    Interchangeability of terms in Nehemiah 9:13-14 proves there is no distinction found in the Old Testament laws of God and Moses!

  • Moral Law vs. Ceremonial Law:
    Some attempt to create a false distinction between the “10 commandments” and the “book of the law” by claiming one contains moral law and the other ceremonial laws:

    The “ceremonial law” contains the “10 commandment moral law” twice!
    The truth is, it is impossible to create any distinction based upon Moral vs. Ceremonial laws. Some create the false impression that there is nothing moral in the “book of the law” and nothing ceremonial in the 10 commandments when in fact nothing could be further from the truth.

    Jesus said the two greatest moral laws were not part of the 10 commandments! Mt 22:36-40 The “Ceremonial law” contained the two greatest “moral commandments”: love God and love they neighbor
    The expression “Ceremonial law” is not found in scripture: the words “ceremonial, ceremony, ceremonies and all roots etc” are never found in the same verse as the word “law or laws”

    The expression “Moral law” is not found in scripture: the words “Moral, Morals, morality and all roots” are never found in the same verse as the word “law or laws”

    The 5 books of Moses are filled with moral laws not contained in the 10 commandments! Ex 22:21-22,31; Ex 23:2; Lev 19:2,14-18; Deut 16:18.

    Interesting that according to some, the whole of the Moral law (Some believe is the 10 commandments/ Law of God) hangs upon 2 laws found in the book of the law. “Love God with all heart” & “Love your neighbor as self” (Some believe the book of law is the law of Moses and was the ceremonial law) In other words, the two most important moral laws are not found in the Ten Commandments, but in the Book of the Law, which some say is abolished!

  • The Law of God, God’s law, The law vs. The Law of Moses, Moses Law:

    The Law of God contained animal sacrifices: Luke 2:23 written in the Law of the Lord, “Every first-born male that opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”, and to offer a sacrifice according to what was said in the Law of the Lord, “A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.”

    “Law of the Lord” commands burnt offerings: 2 Chron 31:3: “He also appointed the king’s portion of his goods for the burnt offerings, namely, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the Sabbaths and for the new moons and for the fixed festivals, as it is written in the law of the Lord.”

    The law told Israel to dwell in tents:
    “They found written in the law how the Lord had commanded through Moses that the sons of Israel should live in booths (tents) during the feast of the seventh month. ” (Nehemiah 8:14)

    1 Chron 16:40 “burnt offering…written in the law of the lord

    2 Chronicles 35:26 “Now the rest of the acts of Josiah and his deeds of devotion as written in the law of the Lord

    Nehemiah 8:14 And they found written in the law how the Lord had commanded through Moses that the sons of Israel should live in booths (tents) during the feast of the seventh month.

    “and bring to the house of our God the firstborn of our sons and of our cattle, and the firstborn of our herds and our flocks as it is written in the law, for the priests who are ministering in the house of our God. ” (Nehemiah 10:36)

    John 1:17 For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ.

    John 7:19 “Did not Moses give you the Law, and yet none of you carries out the Law? Why do you seek to kill Me?”

    Matthew 12:5 “Or have you not read in the Law, that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple break the Sabbath, and are innocent? (Cf Num 28:9-10)

    The 10 commandments are NEVER called “the law of the Lord” or “law of God” in distinction from the “law of Moses” within a single passage.

    The 10 commandments are called the Law of Moses:

    Mk 7:9-10 For Moses said, “Honor your father and your mother”

    When you read the 10 commandments, you read Moses: 2 Corinthians 3:3,15

    Law of Moses is the law given at Horeb (10 commandments):
    Malachi 4:4 Remember the law of Moses My servant, even the statutes and ordinances which I commanded him in Horeb for all Israel.

    Law of Moses included everything God commanded: 1 Kings 2:3

  • Commandments vs. Statutes, Ordinances and Decrees:

    When some see the expression “the commandments” or “My commandments”, they automatically think exclusively of the 10 commandments! Yet there are many passages where these common expressions refer to what some would call “the Ceremonial Law of Moses” and NOT the 10 commandments!

    The phrases “commandments”, “The commandments” “my commandments”, “the Lord commanded”, “what Moses commanded” are uses so many times in the Old Testament in reference to what some call the Ceremonial law to the exclusion of the 10 commandments, it would take 10 pages to list all the verses!

    Lev 27:34 These are the commandments which the Lord commanded Moses for the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.

    Num 36:13 These are the commandments and the ordinances which the Lord commanded

    Deut 30:10 obey the Lord your God to keep His commandments and His statutes which are written in this book of the law

    Jesus defined the commandants to include the Law of Moses: Mt 19:17-19. Jesus said: “keep the commandments.” The man replied “Which ones?” And Jesus said, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself”

    When some see the expression “Statutes, Ordinances and Decrees”, they automatically exclude the 10 commandments and apply it only to what they falsely call, “the ceremonial law” Yet there are many passages where these common expressions refer to the 10 commandments exclusively: (or at least in part include)
     
    Deut 5:1 The Ten commandments are called “My statures and all My ordinances”

    Ezekiel 20:19-21 The weekly Sabbath is called “My statutes and all My ordinances”

    Neh 9:13-14 the weekly Sabbath is included without distinction: “right judgments, true laws, good statutes, commandments”

    Lev 19:1-37 The Ten commandments and the ceremonial law are mixed together without distinction and called “My statures and all My ordinances”

    Deut 5:1-6:25: Two whole chapters that deal exclusively with the 10 commandments and the following 5 terms are used interchangeably without distinction: “statutes”, “ordinances”, “commandments”, “judgments”, “testimonies”.

    Leviticus 23 The Weekly Sabbath is lumped in with all the yearly Sabbaths without distinction and they are all called “The feasts of the Lord” and “holy convocations”.

    Ezekiel 20 calls the second and fourth commandment, My statutes and My ordinances:

    Nehemiah 8 uses interchangeably without distinction, the following terms:
    “the book of the law of Moses”, “the law”, “the book of the law”, “the law of God”, “book of the law of God”

  • Written on Stone vs. Written in a book:

    This would be true except for the fact that the 10 commandments were copied twice by Moses in the book of the law. (Ex 20 and Deut 5)

    It is more accurate to say that both were written in the book but only the 10 commandments were written in stone.

    They were written by the hand of Moses in a book BEFORE they were written by the finger of God (Exodus 24:7; 31:18).

    Although the original 10 commandment law was written by the finger of God on stone, Moses recorded the 10 commandments twice with his own hand in the book.

  • Placed in the Ark vs. Placed on side of Ark

    This would be true except for the fact that the 10 commandments were copied twice by Moses in the book of the law.

    It is more accurate to say that both were placed beside the ark, but only the 10 commandments were in the ark.

    The 10 commandments were found two places: both “inside” and “on the side of” the Ark of the Covenant.

    The fact that the 10 commandments were the only law placed inside the ark, actually proves they were the core of the Old Covenant. We are no longer under the Old Covenant, since we now live under the New Covenant Law of Christ!

  • Ezekiel 20 calls the 10 commandments, “My statutes and My ordinances”

    Do not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt; I am the Lord your God.’ V7

    But they rebelled against Me … nor did they forsake the idols of Egypt. V8

    I gave them My statutes and informed them of My ordinances, by which, if a man observes them, he will live. V11

    I gave them My sabbaths to be a sign between Me and them v12

    Israel rebelled … they did not walk in My statutes and they rejected My ordinances, by which, if a man observes them, he will live; and My sabbaths they greatly profaned. V13

    Because they rejected My ordinances, and as for My statutes, they did not walk in them; they even profaned My sabbaths, for their heart continually went after their idols. V16

    I am the Lord your God; walk in My statutes and keep My ordinances and observe them. V19 Sanctify My sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between Me and you, that you may know that I am the Lord your God.’ V20 did not walk in My statutes, nor were they careful to observe My ordinances, by which, if a man observes them, he will live; they profaned My sabbaths. V21

    Because they had not observed My ordinances, but had rejected My statutes and had profaned My sabbaths, and their eyes were on the idols of their fathers. V24

    I also gave them statutes and ordinances v25

    As for you, O house of Israel,” thus says the Lord God, “Go, serve everyone his idols; but later you will surely listen to Me, and My holy name you will profane no longer with your gifts and with your idols. V39

    Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace; Ephesians 2:15

  • Yearly, monthly, weekly pattern proves it is the weekly sabbath in Colossians 2:16, that was abolished v.14

    Colossians 2:14-17

    Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; 15 And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it. 16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: 17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

    Leviticus 23:2-4

    Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts. 3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings. 4 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.

    Leviticus 23:37-38

    These are the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day: Beside the Sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the LORD.

    Numbers 28:9-10

    And on the sabbath day two lambs of the first year without spot, and two tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, and the drink offering thereof: This is the burnt offering of every sabbath, beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering.

    1 Chronicles 23:31

    And to offer all burnt sacrifices unto the LORD in the Sabbaths, in the new moons, and on the set feasts, by number, according to the order commanded unto them, continually before the LORD:

    2 Chronicles 2:4

    Behold, I build an house to the name of the LORD my God, to dedicate it to him, and to burn before him sweet incense, and for the continual shewbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts of the LORD our God. This is an ordinance for ever to Israel.

    2 Chronicles 8:12-13

    Then Solomon offered burnt offerings unto the LORD on the altar of the LORD, which he had built before the porch, Even after a certain rate every day, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the Sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts, three times in the year, even in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles.

    2 Chronicles 31:3

    He appointed also the king’s portion of his substance for the burnt offerings, to wit, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths, and for the new moons, and for the set feasts, as it is written in the law of the LORD.

    Nehemiah 9:14

    “And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant.”

    Note: Remember this and the above verses when you read Colossians 2:14-17.

    Nehemiah 10:33

    For the shewbread, and for the continual meat offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the sabbaths, of the new moons, for the set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offerings to make an atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God.

    Isaiah 1:10-15

    Hear the word of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah. To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats. When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts? Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them. And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood.

    Note: Colossians 2:14-17 is a mirror image of this passage, Isaiah is the shadow, Colossians is the fulfillment.

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