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The Holy Spirit

The Personality of the Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit of God is a Person, as much as the Father and Son are Persons, and therefore experiences all the sinless elements involved within a divine personality.

  1. He has a mind.

“And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God” (Rom. 8:27).

The first “he” in this verse is a reference to the Son of God, as seen in verse 34 of Romans 8, while the second “he” refers to the Holy Spirit himself. What a fantastic truth is seen here, for the believer enjoys the intercessory ministry of both the Son and Holy Spirit.

  1. He searches out the human mind.

“But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God” (1 Cor. 2:10).

In the verse just prior to this (2:9) Paul paraphrases from Isaiah 64:4 and writes:

“But as it is written, eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.”

Because of this, some have erroneously concluded that it is impossible for even the redeemed to know anything concerning heaven.

But here in 2:10 we are told that the Holy Spirit reveals such things to us.

  1. He has a will.

“But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he will” (1 Cor. 12:11).

This is a reference to the various spiritual gifts which the Holy Spirit imparts to believers as he determines.

  1. He forbids.

“Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia, after they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into Bithynia: but the Spirit suffered them not” (Acts 16:6, 7).

Here Paul, Silas, and Timothy were prohibited from going to two possible mission fields by the Spirit.

  1. He permits.

“And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavored to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel unto them” (Acts 16:10).

This explains the reason for the previous prohibition.

  1. He speaks. Note to whom he speaks:
  • To Philip in a desert.

“Then the Spirit said unto Philip, Go near, and join thyself to this chariot” (Acts 8:29).

  • To Peter on a housetop.

“While Peter thought on the vision, the Spirit said unto him, Behold, three men seek thee” (Acts 10:19).

  • To some elders in Antioch.

“As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them” (Acts 13:2).

  • To seven churches in Asia Minor (Rev. 2-3). On no less than seven occasions (one to each church) do we read the words:

“He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches” (see Rev. 2:7, 11, 17, 29; 3:6, 13, 22).

  1. He loves.

“Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ’s sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers to God for me” (Rom. 15:30).

It is wonderful to know that each believer is loved by the Father (Jn. 14:21; 16:27; 2 Cor. 9:7; Eph. 2:4; 2 Thess. 2:16; Heb. 12:6), Son (Gal. 2:20; Eph. 3:19; Rev. 1:5; 3:19), and Holy Spirit.

  1. He grieves.

“And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption” (Eph. 4:30).

The command here is, literally, “stop grieving the Holy Spirit of God.” They were already doing this. (For further details concerning the nature of this grievance, see Rev. 2:4.) This grieving attribute of the Holy Spirit is really an extension of his love, for while one may be angered by his enemies, he can only be grieved by those he loves.

9.    He prays.

“Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered” (Rom. 8:26).

In the difficult moments of our lives, how comforting it is to know we are being prayed for, perhaps by family members or some godly pastor, but how much more blessed to realize that the Holy Spirit of God offers up fervent and effective prayer for us.

In the New Testament alone there are some 261 passages which refer to the Holy Spirit. He is mentioned fifty-six times in the Gospels, fifty-seven times in the book of Acts, 112 times in the Pauline epistles, and thirty-six times in the remaining New Testament.


15 Facts about the Holy Spirit


He is omnipresent. Ps. 139:7


He is omniscient. 1 Cor. 2:10-11


He is omnipotent. Gen. 1:2


He is eternal. Heb. 9:14


He is called God. Acts 5:3-4


He is equal with the Father and with the Son. Matt. 28:19-20


He has a mind. Rom. 8:27


He searches out the human mind. 1 Cor. 2:10


He has a will. 1 Cor. 12:11


He forbids. Acts 16:6-7


He leads. Acts 16:10


He speaks. Acts 8:29


He loves. Rom. 15:30


He grieves. Eph. 4:30


He prays. Rom. 8:26


The Deity of the Holy Spirit

  1. He is omnipresent.

“Whither shall I go from thy Spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence?” (Ps. 139:7).

In this Psalm, David concludes it was impossible for him to escape God’s Spirit. This was true even if he ascended to the heights, descended into the depths, traveled across the sea, or surrounded himself with darkness.

  1. He is omniscient.

“But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God” (1 Cor. 2:10, 11).

  1. He is omnipotent.

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters” (Gen. 1:2).

  1. He is eternal.

“How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?” (Heb. 9:14).

  1. He is called God.

“But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land? While it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God” (Acts 5:3, 4).

  1. He is made equal with the Father and the Son. While the Holy Spirit does indeed occupy a place of submission in the Trinity, he is nevertheless not one whit behind the Father or Son in all their divine attributes. His perfect equality with the Father and Son is demonstrated through the following New Testament examples:
  • As seen in the baptismal experience of Christ.

“And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased” (Mt. 3:16, 17).

  • As seen in the temptation of Christ.

“Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil. And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward ahungered. And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple, and saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God” (Mt. 4:1-7).

  • As declared by Jesus in the upper room.

“And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever” (Jn. 14:16).

“But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you” (Jn. 14:26).

“But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me” (Jn. 15:26).

  • As declared by Paul.

“For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father” (Eph. 2:18).

“The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen” (2 Cor. 13:14).

“For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh” (Rom. 8:2, 3).

  • As declared by Peter.

“Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied” (1 Pet. 1:2).

“If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye; for the Spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified” (1 Pet. 4:14).

  • As declared in the book of Acts.

“Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear” (Acts 2:33).

  • As declared by Jesus on the Mount of Olives. “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen” (Mt. 28:19, 20).



13 Names for the Holy Spirit


The Spirit of God 1 Cor. 3:16


The Spirit of Christ Rom. 8:9


The eternal Spirit Heb. 9:14


The Spirit of truth John 16:13


The Spirit of grace Heb. 10:29


The Spirit of glory 1 Pet. 4:14


The Spirit of life Rom. 8:2


The Spirit of wisdom and revelation Eph. 1:17


The Comforter John 14:26


The Spirit of promise Acts 1:4-5


The Spirit of adoption Rom. 8:15


The Spirit of holiness Rom. 1:4


The Spirit of faith 2 Cor. 4:13


The Emblems of the Holy Spirit.

Like the thirteen names and titles, his six designated emblems throw light upon both his nature and mission.

  1. The Dove: indicating purity, peace, and modesty.

“And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him” (Jn. 1:32).

“My dove, my undefiled, is but one; she is the only one of her mother, she is the choice one of her that bare her. The daughters saw her, and blessed her; yea, the queens and the concubines, and they praised her” (Song of Sol. 6:9).

“And I said, Oh that I had wings like a dove! for then would I fly away, and be at rest” (Ps. 55:6).

“O my dove, that art in the clefts of the rock, in the secret places of the stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet is thy voice, and thy countenance is comely” (Song of Sol. 2:14).

  1. Water: indicating life and cleansing.

“For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my Spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring” (Isa. 44:3).

“In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. He that believeth on me, as the Scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified)” (Jn. 7:37-39).

  1. Oil: indicating light, healing, and anointing for service.

“The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised” (Lk. 4:18).

“How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him” (Acts 10:38).

“Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows” (Heb. 1:9).

“But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things” (1 Jn. 2:20).

  1. A Seal: indicating ownership, finished transaction, identification, security, genuineness, value, authority.

“In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also, after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that Holy Spirit of promise” (Eph. 1:13).

“And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption” (Eph. 4:30).

“Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts” (2 Cor. 1:22).

There are three important occasions in the Bible when a seal is used:

  • As used by Darius to place Daniel in the lion’s den.

“Then the king commanded, and they brought Daniel, and cast him into the den of lions. Now the king spake and said unto Daniel, Thy God whom thou servest continually, he will deliver thee. And a stone was brought, and laid upon the mouth of the den; and the king sealed it with his own signet, and with the signet of his lords; that the purpose might not be changed concerning Daniel” (Dan. 6:16, 17).

  • As used by Ahasuerus (upon the advice of wicked Haman) to plot the wholesale murder of the Persian Jews.

“And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse from all people; neither keep they the king’s laws: therefore it is not for the king’s profit to suffer them. If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king’s treasuries. And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews’ enemy. And the king said unto Haman, The silver is given to thee, the people also, to do with them as it seemeth good to thee. Then were the king’s scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king’s lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king’s ring” (Esther 3:8-12).

  • As used by Pilate to seal the tomb of Jesus. “So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch” (Mt. 27:66).
  1. Wind: indicating unseen power.

“The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit” (Jn. 3:8).

“And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting” (Acts 2:1, 2).

  1. Fire: indicating presence, approval, protection, purifying, gift, judgment.
  • The presence of the Lord.

“And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed” (Ex. 3:2).

  • The approval of the Lord.

“And there came a fire out from before the Lord, and consumed upon the altar the burnt offering and the fat: which when all the people saw, they shouted, and fell on their faces” (Lev. 9:24).

  • The protection of the Lord.

“And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night” (Ex. 13:21).

  • The purifying from the Lord.

“In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. Above it stood the seraphim: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he did fly. And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory. And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke. Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts. Then flew one of the seraphim unto me, having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar: And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged. Also, I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then said I, Here am I; send me” (Isa. 6:1-8).

  • The gift of the Lord.

“And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them” (Acts 2:3).

  • The judgment of the Lord.

“For our God is a consuming fire” (Heb. 12:29).

  1. An earnest: indicating first-fruits, down-payment, a pledge, an assurance of the eventual complete payment.

“Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts” (2 Cor. 1:22).

“Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing is God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit” (2 Cor. 5:5).

“Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory” (Eph. 1:14).



18 Gifts of the Holy Spirit


Apostleship Eph. 4:11; 1 Cor. 12:28


Prophecy Rom. 12:6; 1 Cor. 12:10


Miracles 1 Cor. 12:28


Healing 1 Cor. 12:9, 28, 30


Tongues 1 Cor. 12:10


Interpretation of tongues 1 Cor. 12:10


Knowledge 1 Cor. 12:8


Wisdom 1 Cor. 12:8


Discerning of spirits 1 Cor. 12:10


Giving Rom. 12:8


Ministering Rom. 12:7; 1 Cor. 12:28


Exhortation Rom. 12:8; see also Prov. 25:11


Showing of mercy Rom. 12:8


Ruling, or administration Rom. 12:8


Faith Rom. 12:3


Teaching Rom. 12:7


Evangelism 2 Tim. 4:5; Acts 8:26-40; 21:8


Pastoring-teaching 1 Pet. 5:1-4



57 Ministries of the Holy Spirit


Was at work in creating the universe Gen. 1:2; Ps. 104:30


Inspired the writing of the Old Testament 2 Sam. 23:2; Isa. 59:21


Inspired the writing of the New Testament 1 Cor. 14:37; 1 Thess. 4:15


Came upon Joseph Gen. 41:38


Came upon Moses Num. 11:17


Came upon Joshua Num. 27:18


Came upon Othniel Judg. 3:10


Came upon Gideon Judg. 6:34


Came upon Jephthah Judg. 11:29


Came upon Samson Judg. 14:6, 19; 15:14-15


Came upon Saul 1 Sam. 10:10


Came upon David 1 Sam. 16:13; Ps. 51:11


Came upon Elijah 1 Kings 18:12; 2 Kings 2:16


Came upon Elisha 2 Kings 2:15


Came upon Azariah the prophet 2 Chronicles 15:1


Came upon Zechariah the high priest 2 Chronicles 24:20


Came upon Israel’s elders Num. 11:25


Led Israel through the wilderness Neh. 9:20


Will minister to Israel during the Great Tribulation Joel 2:28-32


Will minister to Israel during the Millennium Zech. 12:10; Ezek. 37:13-14; 39:29


Restrains the power of Satan Isa. 59:19; 2 Thess. 2:7-14


Provided the Savior with his earthly body Luke 1:35; Matt. 1:18-20


Anointed the Savior Matt. 3:16; Luke 4:18; Acts 10:38; Heb. 1:9


Directed the Savior to be tempted by Satan Matt. 4:1


Empowered the Savior Matt. 12:28


Caused the Savior to sorrow John 11:33


Caused the Savior to rejoice Luke 10:21


Led the Savior to Calvary Heb. 9:14


Raised the body of the Savior Rom. 8:11; 1 Pet. 3:18


Convicts the unsaved person of sin, righteousness, and judgment John 16:7-11


Gave birth to the church Acts 2:1-4; Eph. 2:19-22


Desires to inspire the worship service of the church Phil. 3:3


Desires to direct its missionary work Acts 8:29; 13:2, 4; 16:6-7, 10


Desires to aid in its singing services Eph. 5:18-19


Appoints its preachers Acts 20:28


Anoints its preachers 1 Cor. 2:4


Warns its members 1 Tim. 4:1


Desires to determine its decisions Acts 15:28


Desires to direct its evangelistic attempts Rev. 22:17


Alone is able to condone or condemn its ministry Rev. 2:7, 11, 17, 29


Regenerates the believing sinner Titus 3:5; John 3:3-7; 1 Pet. 1:23


Baptizes the believer Rom. 6:3-4; 1 Cor. 12:13; Gal. 3:27; Eph. 4:4-5; Col. 2:12


Indwells the believer John 14:16, 20; 1 Cor. 2:12; 3:16; 7:37-39; Rom. 8:9; 1 John 3:24


Seals the believer 2 Cor. 1:22; Eph. 1:13; 4:30; 2 Cor. 5:5; Eph. 1:14


Fills the believer Acts 2:4


Conforms him to the image of Christ 2 Cor. 3:18


Strengthens his new nature Eph. 3:16; 1 Pet. 2:2; Jude 1:20


Reveals biblical truth to him 1 Cor. 2:10


Assures him concerning salvation and service Rom. 8:16; 1 John 3:24


Gives him liberty Rom. 8:2; 2 Cor. 3:17


Fills his mouth with appropriate things Mark 13:11


Prays for him Rom. 8:26


Guides him John 16:13; Rom. 8:14


Teaches him 1 John 2:27


Empowers him for witnessing Acts 1:8


Imparts the love of Christ to him and through him Rom. 5:5


Will someday raise the bodies of all departed believers Rom. 8:11

About David M. Curtis

Profile photo of David M. Curtis
David is a self-employed business owner who enjoys web and graphics design, a good TV show or movie, spending time with his animals and friends. For many years,David taught the Bible on the west coast 5 days a week over the radio for a broadcast he called, "The Loud Cry Ministry." David has been in ministry his entire adult life, having visited and taught in churches coast to coast, including churches in California, New York, Tennessee, Kansas, Nevada, Texas, Georgia, Oregon and Washington. David has been in marketing for over a dozen years now having owned or managed four offices, with hundreds of employees. David is responsible for creating and developing projects that cost in excess of half a million dollars, and absolutely loves developing new concepts and ideas and turning them into a reality. Currently David resides in Cincinnati OH where he works from home managing his online business US Home Work Force for the past three years, in which he provides websites and training for thousands of people all across the country helping them to earn a substantial income over the Internet.
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