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The Ten Commandments are the Old Covenant

The Law did not exist in the Garden of Eden

Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,  1 Timothy 1:9.

Before Adams transgression, there was no need for the law.

Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.  Galatians 3:19

The Ten Commandments were given 430 years after Abraham

And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.  Galatians 3:17

And God spake on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange land; and that they should bring them into bondage, and entreat them evil four hundred years. Acts 7:6

Exodus 12:40-41  Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.  41  And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

In the giving of the New Covenant, both Jeremiah and Paul stated that the Old Covenant was made “when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt.” Hebrews 8:9; Jeremiah 31:31.

The 10 commandments were NOT given BEFORE Mt. Sinai.

Deuteronomy 5:2-3  The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Horeb.  3  The LORD made not this covenant with our fathers, but with us, even us, who are all of us here alive this day.


Moses just confirmed two things.

  1. Immediately following Deuteronomy 5:2-3 the Ten Commandments are repeated. The Ten Commandments are the covenant God made with Israel.
  2. The covenant of Ten Commandments were not made with Israels forefathers; not the least of which is Abraham, rather it was given 430 years later (Galatians 3:17)


The timing of when the Covenant was Ratified Confirms the Ten Commandments are the Old Covenant

Hebrews 9:17-20  For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.  18  Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood.  19  For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, 20  Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.

Exodus 24:7-8 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient.  8   And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words.

The Covenant was ratified with blood in Exodus 24. This was before the rest of Exodus and the books of Leviticus, Numbers and Dueteronomy was added to the “book of the Covenant.” Sabbatarian Christians teach that the only laws that were done away with in the New Testament were those given in Leviticus which they call “ceremonial laws.” That argument is refuted when we consider the fact that the covenant that was abolished under the New Testament was confirmed before Leviticus was written.

The only things written in the “Book of the Law,” at this time were:

  1. The captivity and deliverance of the Hebrews Exodus 1-20
  2. The Ten Commandments Exodus 20:1-17
  3. Laws for slavery Exodus 21:1-11
  4. Manslaughter Exodus 21:12-21
  5. For one hurt by chance Exodus 21:22-36
  6. Theft Exodus 22:1-15
  7. Fornication Exodus 22:16-24
  8. Usury Exodus 22:25-31
  9. Slander Exodus 23:1-9
  10. Sabbatical Years Exodus 23:10-19
  11. Dealing with other nations Exodus 23:20-33

The Ceremonial Laws connected with the animal sacrifices, the sanctuary and the annual feast days were not given until after the Old Covenant was ratified. Which means the ceremonial laws are not the primary thing that was done away with at the Cross. We are no longer under the ceremonial laws, In fact we are no longer under any of the 613 commandments in the Book of the Law, with the exception to those laws which were amended into the new covenant such as loving our neighbor, etc.

The Old Covenant was ratified before God wrote it on Tables of Stone

The Covenant is Ratified in Exodus 24:7-8

Moses is invited to go up into the mountain after the covenant is ratified!

Exodus 24:12 (And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will (future tense; fulfilled Exodus 31:18) give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them.

Moses is speaking of himself in the third person sense. It was Moses which wrote the Ten Commandments in the book that was sprinkled in verses Exodus 24:7-8.

Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in fleshy tables of the heart. Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. 2 Corinthians 3:3,6

The Ten Commandments were written by both the hand of Moses in Exodus 20, Deuteronomy 5 and by the finger of God on tables of stone.

Romans 7:6-7
6  But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.
7  What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.

The law we are “delivered from” contains the commandment, “Thous Shalt Not Covet” i.e. the Ten Commandments. The core of the old covenant is the Ten Commandments.  At the time the covenant was ratified the only account of it was written by the hand of Moses in the “Book of the Covenant.” He took the book of the covenant” and He “ sprinkled both the book, and all the people” Exodus 24:7; Hebrews 9:19.

The tables of Stone were not written with the finger of God until after the covenant was ratified. The reason this is important to understand is because Sabbatarians dismiss the Ten Commandments and especially the Sabbath from applying to Colossians 2:14-17.

Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;  Colossians 2:14

The Ten Commandments were first written by the hand of Moses in the “book of the covenant.” The very fact that the Ten commandments are written in Exodus 20 and Dueteronomy 5 is all the evidence we need that Moses did in fact write them with his very own hand. In reference to the handwritten account, Colossians 2:14 says this law was “against us and contrary to us.” In 2 Corinthians 3 Paul explains why. The Ten Commandments was “the ministration of death,” and contained letters which condemn and make us worthy of death. We are no longer under the old covenant ministration of death, rather we are now ministers of the new covenant.

Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; Not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. But if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, 2 Corinthians 3:6,7.

The Ark of the Covenant Confirms the Ten Commandments are the Old Covenant

Deuteronomy 10:1-5  At that time the LORD said unto me, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first, and come up unto me into the mount, and make thee an ark of wood.  2  And I will write on the tables the words that were in the first tables which thou brakest, and thou shalt put them in the ark.  3  And I made an ark of shittim wood, and hewed two tables of stone like unto the first, and went up into the mount, having the two tables in mine hand.  4  And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which the LORD spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and the LORD gave them unto me.  5  And I turned myself and came down from the mount, and put the tables in the ark which I had made; and there they be, as the LORD commanded me.

Hebrews 9:4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;

A simple term for the Ark of the Covenant is, “a box to carry the covenant.” That was its entire purpose. Jesus asked, “which is greater the gold or the temple which sanctifies the gold?” A long these same lines, which is more important the box itself or the covenant inside it? Remove the Ten Commandments and all that is left is a fancy box covered in fine gold. The Ark of the Covenant was created to bring emphasize the significance to the covenant which was inside it i.e. The Ten Commandments.

Moses, after forty days in the mount, comes down And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water.  And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments. Exodus 34:28

And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two tables of stone. Deuteronomy 4:13


We are no longer under the Old Covenant of Ten Commandments

Hebrews 8:8,9,13
8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I WILL MAKE A NEW COVENANT with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
9 NOT ACCORDING TO THE COVENANT THAT I MADE WITH THEIR FATHERS in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; BECAUSE THEY CONTINUED NOT IN MY COVENANT, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
13 IN THAT HE SAITH, A NEW COVENANT, HE HATH MADE THE FIRST OLD. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.

Galatians 4:24-31

24 Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.

25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.

30 Nevertheless what saith the scripture?  Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.

31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.


And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon Mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God. Exodus 31:18

Moses, after forty days in the mount, comes down And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water.  And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments. Exodus 34:28


The Ten Commandments were not given until Mt. Sinia. At that time The Ten Commandments were added because of transgressions, and were only intended to have a lawful right to judge and condemn until Christ came. Christ lived under the law and fulfilled its requirements so that we could be redeemed from the curse of the law.

The law was ADDED because of transgressions UNTIL THE SEED (Christ) CAME to whom the PROMISE was made!” Galatians 3:19.

when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt

But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. Galatians 4:4-5

The Covenant of Ten Commandments given at Mt. Sinai, as Colossians says, “was against us.” It came through Moses. It was this Covenant that condemned the woman caught in adultery. It was the good news of Jesus Christ that released her from that condemnation. He said to her “neither do I condemn thee.” That wonderful Covenant of mercy and grace came through Jesus Christ. The Old Testament was a Covenant of Law” whereas the New Testament is a “Covenant of Grace.”


For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. John 1:17.



There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus. Romans 8:1.

For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. John 3:17-18.

Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence toward God. 1 John 3:21.

For more information read the following article:

Ten Commandments Cannot Condemn Christians

The Ten Commandments werethe ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, v. 7. They were given “that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.” Romans 3:19. By revealing the condemnation that is upon all mankind “the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.” Galatians 3:18,19.

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