The Covenant was ratified with blood in Exodus 24:7,8. This was before the rest of Exodus and the books of Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy were added to the “book of the Covenant.”
Sabbatarian Christians teach that the only laws that were done away with in the New Testament were those which they call “ceremonial laws.” We will look into that in more detail towards the end of this article. For now we will point out that this argument is refuted when we consider the fact that the covenant that was abolished under the New Testament was ratified with blood before Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy were written.
The only things written in the “Book of the Law,” at the time it was Ratified:
- The captivity and deliverance of the Hebrews Exodus 1-20
- The Ten Commandments Exodus 20:1-17
- Laws for slavery Exodus 21:1-11
- Manslaughter Exodus 21:12-21
- For one hurt by chance Exodus 21:22-36
- Theft Exodus 22:1-15
- Fornication Exodus 22:16-24
- Usury Exodus 22:25-31
- Slander Exodus 23:1-9
- Sabbatical Years Exodus 23:10-19
- Dealing with other nations Exodus 23:20-33
The Ceremonial Laws connected with the animal sacrifices, the sanctuary and the annual feast days written in Leviticus were not given until after the Old Covenant was ratified in Exodus 24:7,8.
Which means the ceremonial laws are not the primary thing that was done away with at the Cross. We are no longer under the ceremonial laws, In fact we are no longer under any of the 613 commandments in the Book of the Law, with the exception to those laws which were amended into the new covenant such as loving our neighbor, etc.
Additional ceremonial laws surrounding animal sacrifices and circumcision were added AFTER the covenant was ratified at Mt. Sinai and were placed outside the Ark of the Covenant, however the Covenant itself, the Ten Commandments were placed inside the Ark:
- The Sacrificial System of burnt offerings was introduced in the time of Adam, not Mt. Sinai!
- Circumcision was introduced in the time of Abraham, not Mt. Sinai!
Therefore neither animal sacrifices, nor circumcision were introduced as a newer covenant made at Mt. Sinai! Both were connected to earlier covenants given to Adam and Abraham. The covenant given at Sinai was NOT made with their fathers (Deuteronomy 5:2,3).
The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Horeb. 3 The LORD made NOT this covenant with our fathers, but with us, even us, who are all of us here alive this day.
The first covenant in Paul’s allegory in the book of Galatians was specifically introduced for the first time at Mt. Sinai. (Galatians 4:24-31), 430 years AFTER Abraham (Galatians 3:17), which excludes circumcision and burnt offerings as the core of what Paul is writing about in the book of Galatians. The Law was added until “the seed came” (Galatians 3:19).
Furthermore the plans to make the sanctuary were not given to Moses until AFTER the Covenant was ratified (Exodus 25:40), therefore the “sanctuary services” were not the Covenant, rather they were amended into it after the Covenant had already been agreed to, and confirmed (Exodus 24:7).
The Sinaic Covenant is specifically called “the Law.” Seeking to be right with God through the Law nullifies “the promises” of the new covenant. (Galatians 3:17, Romans 4:13-16) Please look up these verses in your Bible, and compare them to Hebrews 8:6. If you do, you will discover that the New Covenant is based on “Better Promises;” and that If a person seeks to be made right with God through the Sinaic Law, by default it makes the “Better Promises” of the New Covenant void. This explains why the New Covenant is, “not according to the Covenant that I made with their fathers” (Hebrews 8:9). That verse along with Galatians 3:17, and Romans 4:13-16 disqualifies the Sinaic Law from being a possible match. The law written in our hearts under the New Covenant is supreme love for God, and self sacrificing love towards others, including our enemies!
But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.
And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith: